Conservation Status: Endangered
Average Lifespan: 15 -20 years
Height: 24 -27"
Weight: 6 - 9 lbs
Habitat: Rocky Coastline
Number of Eggs: 2 -4
Incubation Period: 38 - 42 days



- Each Penguin has unique spot patterns on its belly
- African Penguins tend to nest throughout the year
- Glands at the base of the penguins' tail yield oil that waterproofs their feathers
- A layer of fat provides additional protection against chilly ocean waters
- They nest in colonies of 50-100 called rookeries and frequently vocalize to establish pair bonds 

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Chauna Torquata
Conservation Status: Least Concern

Habitat: Grassland, Wetlands
Length: 32-37"
Weight: 9-12lbs
Average Lifespan: 14-15 Years
Incubation Period: 42-46 days

-They are also known as the crested screamer
-Their diet consists mostly of egg, apple, plant stems, and leaves
-The crested screamer has two spurs, one protruding from the bend of each wing. 
-These spurs are very similar to arrowheads, and can be used very effectively against aggressors if the bird feels threatened
-They can soar for hours at great heights
-Screamers are one of the two groups of living birds lacking prongs on the ribs (uncinate processes)

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Cygnus olor

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  • Habitat: Temperate; Saltwater; freshwater
    Height:5.7 - 6.2”
    Weight: 17-32 lbs
    Wingspan: 6.5-8’
    Average Lifespan: 30-40 years
    Incubation Period: 36-38days
    Number of Young: 5-7 eggs

    - The Mute Swan is the national bird of the Kingdom of Denmark.
  • - The familiar pose with neck curved back and wings half raised, known as busking, is a threat display.
    - The blows from their powerful wings can be dangerous to childrenand are capabale of maiming or killing some of the larger predators.
    - The phrase ‘swan song’ refers to this swan and to the legend that it is utterly silent until the last moment of its life, and then sings one achingly beautiful song just before dying; in reality, the Mute Swan is not completely silent.

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Coscoroba Coscoroba

Conservation Status: Least Concern

Habitat: Fresh water bodies
Size: 35-45"
Weight: 7-12 lbs
Wingspan: 61-63"
Average Lifespan: 18-20 years
Incubation Period: 40 days
Number of Eggs: 4-7

- They get their name from their loud, ‘cos-car-oo’ birdcall
- They employ typical swanlike threats like lifting their folded wings to make them appear larger and aggressive wing flapping.
-They are difficult birds to classify because it is swanlike overall, but has a honking voice and gooselike head.
- Unlike typical swans, Coscorobas do not have a triumph ceremony. A triumph ceremony is when a pair encounters another individual or pair.
One member of the pair will rush up to the stranger, immediately return to its mate and then the pair will preform a triumphant display with posturing and loud calls.

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Pulsatrix perspicillata

Conservation Status: Least Concern

Habitat: Tropical rainforest, woodlands
Height: 16-18”
Weight: 1-2 lbs
Lifespan: 25-30 years
Gestation Period: 36 days
Number of Young: 1-2


- Spectacled owls are the largest of the New World tropical owls that inhabit the rain forest
-A group of owls has many collective nouns, including a "bazaar", "glaring", "parliament", "stooping", and "wisdom" of owls.
- They can roost as high as 4,000 feet above sea level.
- Feed on bats, small birds, insects, rodents, and other small mammals
- The Spectacled Owl was named because of its facial markings that look like a pair of spectacles.

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